A Reacher grabber tool is best described as a handy tool that is used to grab things that cannot be reached so easily by just stretching hands. Reacher grabbers are most likely be used by persons with mobility limitations, injured persons, the elderly and the disabled who cannot bend, or stretch their hands. The assistive tool works just like human hands.

Features to look Before buying one:


  • A Reacher grabber should be light in weight
  • Uncomplicated and easy to use
  • Long enough to grab objects from high places or low places such as the ground

Although a Reacher/grabbers are most commonly used as litter pick up tools, home owners will find all kinds of uses for a Reacher or pick up tool around the home to reach items on high shelves or other inaccessable places&nbsp. The grabber tools are also handy in the yard to pick up sticks, pine cones, rocks and trash.

Reacher grabber comes in many lengths and is also used by many manufacturing firms for various jobs. They aid the handicapped who may be wheelchair bound and may drop something and/or can’t bend over easily. We hope you find reasonable prices, personalized service and fast delivery from all recommended online shops you’ll find out there.


Reacher Grabber Reviews

 – EZ Reacher Pick Up Tool

EZ carry models for all jobs, in lengths from 20 inches to 12 feet. Their products are commonly used for litter pick-up in cities and along our roads and highways and to aid the aged or handicapped. However, that’s not all as there are so many uses for an extended-reach grabber tool. Around the home and yard you will find hundreds of uses for your EZ Reacher !

Don’t confuse the EZ Reacher with the cheap, imported imitations! The original EZ Reachers are lightweight, durable and precision. The tools will pick up a dime or a brick!

All models are constructed with non-rusting materials including all spring stainless-steel mechanism, extruded-aluminum shaft, and a comfortable ergonomically-designed pistol-grip handle. The sensitive elastomer rubber cups are easily replaceable if ever required.

The EZ Reacher and new DOT Reacher are the preferred litter pick-up tools utilized by Keep America Beautiful and Adopt-A-Highway groups, highway departments, mowing/landscape firms, parks, entertainment parks, schools and others.

The lightweight models are essential aids for the handicapped, seniors or anyone recovering from surgery or an accident. Also can be an essential pick up tool for elderly. Folding versions can be carried in a suitcase, attached to a walker, motorized cart or wheelchair.

The tool speeds the pick-up process, reach difficult places, eliminate repetitive bending and provide safety by eliminating contact with hazardous debris, poisonous weeds, snakes or insects.

EZ Reacher have unlimited uses around the home and yard. Eliminate the use a stool to reach something in the kitchen or garage. Why climb off your mower each time you must pick up debris? The EZ Reacher will actually pick up a dime or a brick weighing five pounds with no problem grabbing cigarette butts, cans, bottles, sticks, walnuts, pine cones, rocks, hedge trimmings or other items.

EZ Reacher can be used in garden ponds or creeks, aquariums since they won’t rust. They can also be used to pick fruit, for hobby layouts, or just grabbing an undesirable “bug or critter” you’d prefer not to touch.

Buy one for a friend and yourself and you won’t regret cause it’s worth it for sure. The EZ Reacher makes a unique gift that will last a lifetime and it’s a tool everybody can use.

Finally, last summer was different. I did a little research and found that there lots of places online that specialize in bathing suits for plus sized women! Until I discovered this, I was limited to a selection that included all manner of mu-mu type atrocities; saggy shapes, huge flowers and bizarre materials. Shopping online opened a whole world of possibilities. I was able to find suits that seemed to be made for my body.

Online shopping is filled with possibilities and choices. It’s empowering to feel free to pick a style that you actually like rather than be confined to selecting the only one that fits. I don’t know of any brick and mortar store that specializes in swim suits made exclusively for plus size women. Since many online retailers specifically sell plus size swimwear, they know exactly what you need.

plus size swimsuit 4 Plus Size Swimwear My StoryWe all know that sometimes shopping bathing suits can be stressfull especially if you are a plus sized lady and with bigger breasts. You will find best bathing suit for large bust that flatter the chest curves you want to flaunt, cover and support you perfectly. A bathing suit with good support is essential for a plus size woman. A little control will give you a huge boost in confidence.

Make sure to have someone take your measurements for you. Don’t pull the tape tight so that you can loose an inch or two, you want good fit! All of the online stores I have shopped with offered a no hassle return policy in case something didn’t fit quite right, but if you do a good job with the measuring tape it is unlikely that you will have a problem.

When you find plus size swimwear that is made for your body, the confidence boost is incredible. You won’t feel self conscious, tugging at your suit all day and constantly groping for your cover up. With this new found freedom, you will find yourself participating in more activities instead of constantly worrying about how you look. Fuller figure women rejoice! We are finally free to relax at the beach and pool side, knowing that we look good and are feeling our very best.


Are There Any Bathing Suits For Pregnant Woman?

maternity swimsuit Maternity Swimwear Styles

Yes! Gone are the days when a pregnant woman would just stick to wearing her husband’s shirt and shorts while lounging in the beach. Nowadays, pregnancy is considered to be a sexy and celebratory time in a woman’s life – and with this distinction, many swimwear companies have ventured into making maternity bathing suits to flatter that ever precious bulge.

Perhaps the most popular style of maternity swim suits are classified as tankinis, those two piece swimsuits that offer the mix and match ability like a bikini, but also give ample coverage to the tummy area. This design for maternity swimwear allows for more room in the tummy area.

There are some flowy designs as well for those expectant mommies who do not want that clingy swimsuit feeling. For the more adventurous, there are also true bikinis that are made for pregnant women, designed to display your tummy. This would be ideal for those who are lucky enough not to have any stretch marks.

What’s really fun is that these maternity bathing suits promote sexiness among pregnant women. It makes pregnant women proud of displaying their tummies, which I think should always be the case! I gave birth to a baby boy recently, and I was able to enjoy my pregnancy a lot. One of the reasons would be the growing choices for maternity swimwwear. A pregnant woman is not confined to unflattering and shapeless smocks anymore, thank goodness!


Whether you are a model, a plus sized woman or a pregnant wonan with large breasts, there bwill always be a great variety of bathing suits that you can choose from out there. Just understand your body type and you good to go!

Faster Downhill Bike

Trek has introduced two variants under Session brand name such as Session 8 and Session 88. In order to cover DH beginner, Session 8 is made with little entry level Downhill (DH) specs and Session 88 is purely made for DH racers an ideal gravity big hit machine. But here we are going to talk about Session 8 downhill mountain bike. Session is a very important DH machine in Trek mile stone introduced two years back and went up to have two major changes to project new look.

More expectation on this newly upgraded downhill rig for this year because it is the most successful tuff bike having a light weight frame that took the bike to showcase its performance in DH world cup. Trek has made some important performance enhancement to make Session 8 faster and durable. Downhill Mountain bikes needs to have more control when it punches downhill and Trek has concentrated more on frame design to achieve flawless stability with great stiffness. Let see how Trek manage to follow through its goal of making session 8 faster and durable.

Durable Frame Design

This Downhill bike is specially built keeping the race team in mind, they have aerodynamically designed frame to bring about more agility while forcing down on heavy tracks. Riders already felt unhappy about the earlier model of Session 8 frame which easily get dent when hit by rocks. This time Trek is more particular about the durability of the frame and they have carried out a significant change to the shape of the frame to avoid such critical situation where the frame gets damaged by rock. The downtube looks taller and stronger with larger diameter aerodynamic shape which portrays better rock deflecting structure. Additionally a clip on fender is attached at the bottom of the downtube to protect the tube.

The top tube and seatstay are welded in one stretch and this is the area where most of the weight is reduced from the frame. At the same time the weight of the over sized downtube is increased for added strength and this leaves room for toptube and seatstay to achieve reduced weight without sacrificing tube strength. Potentially this makes the overall frame extremely nimble and light weight. The extra forged gusset and box type structure chain stay are intelligently designed which are not only give good tyre clearance but also give more stiffness in the rear end. Trek’s trademark E2 tapered headset, full floater rear suspension and ABP braking technology are never missed in Session 8. All Trek’s full suspension line of bikes have ABP, full floater and E2 tapered headset facility.

Head tube is the area that takes more impact and stress from the front fork in downhill mountain bike. In order to withstand the impact Trek has integrated the tubes near headset for more protection to the frame. When the fork extension comes and hit the headset the frame will be strong and will not get damaged by the frequent impact. In high end model Session 88 got even built in fork bumper which protects the frame from getting damaged frequently.

Inspiring Downhill Bike

This Trek mountain bike is suitable for both beginners as well as experienced DH riders. Session 8 would be the best machine when you want to move to next level from basic downhill sport and it gives more confident and allows you to carry more speed while jumping. This light weight downhill bike with best bicycle cover would sure turn you harder as you expect and only thing is that you need to have right skill set to get most out of this faster downhill bike. Session 8 mountain bike is very nimble bike at corners and weighs 37 pound loaded with full downhill features. More importantly it is a light weight machine and stable on 6 foot drops.

Adjustable Fork Suspension Design

This active rolling machine has suitable suspension design that suits from basic riders to the most advanced riders with more adjustments. Though the Session 8 has entry level RockShox Boxxer front fork, it comes with correct spring rate specific to the riding skill. Experienced riders can take more advantage of 200mm travel adjustable fork in this mountain bike and you can drag the bike near corners with great control and not many DH bikes would do this.

Though the front fork gives more adjustment the bike will not take away from what it is intended to be an excellent downhiller. Surprisingly the Rockshox Boxxer Race fork has low speed compression, rebound and preload adjustments. This fork suspension also features fully redesigned solo air spring and for additional stiffness it also offer maxle Lite DH tool. If you are a light weight rider or heavy weight rider it does not matter and the fork has versatile adjustment to suits your riding style. You need to tune you front suspension according to your weight to get optimum travel.

Rear Suspension PerformancesThis downhill mountain bike is a confident inspiring DH machine evidently shows improved sensitivity in the rear end along with the fined tuned rear suspension. The rear suspension is also got significant changes when compared to previous model and this time the bike is featured with Fox Van RC specially DH tuned by Trek’s Advanced Concept Group (ACG). This specifically tuned shock stays consistently deep into its travel and absorbs most of the terrain to give more active ride using its mid stroke brilliantly. The rear suspension is more forgiving for whatever you throw at it. The rear end is tuned with substantial travel length to face big hit at first taking much of the bike travel and the next consistent harder hit would not show harsh on riders. Many normal DH bike would show harsh feeling when they face such situation. All because of the Fox shock tune that confidently allows you to go for big hit and ride on rough rocky terrain down the hill.

Our Analysis

This Trek mountain bike is not a race oriented machine as compared to session 88 variant but ready to blast of a steep mountain with unbelievable stiffness. Since few components of Session 8 are made entry level to keep the cost of the bike low. So, the tolerance level of the bike will be average in performance when the bike subject to vigorous downhill riding, as experienced riders normally does. This does not mean that it is an unreliable bike, the component setup and bike are great value for money just you need to horn your skills and learn how to control the bike without pushing much while riding for long time. Other then that it is really a durable bike that can handle Steep Mountain with rocky gardens down the hill.

Trek Remedy 8 All Mountain BikeTechnically Improved Bike

A bike that is capable of doing all types of riding and quickly transferring from XC bike to full Freeride bike on the fly would normally carry an “All Mountain” tag. Such kind of bikes should have good strength-to-weight ratio for enjoying downhill with more energy and climbs to the top, quicker. Trek has mass produced world class mountain bikes and Remedy 8 comes under All mountain bike category specially built to test limits of your skills on technical terrains.

Trek has improved the frame design and engineered the rear suspension in such a way that it solves many problems. These problems are commonly faced by full suspension bikes when subjected to rough terrain with great speed. Trek packed lot of technology into this Remedy 8. With such technological developments that took up all kinds of terrain with specifically built component setup, this mountain bike receives full credits.

Light Weight Frame

Bike weight plays a major role when built specifically for steep climbing and technical rocky downhill terrains. At the same time it must be strong enough to take up big drops and consistent bumps. Both the se aspects are important and must be maintained in good ratio without compromising each other.

Trek has built the Remedy 8 with good strength-to-weight ratio and has the right combination of suspension and frame geometry. This Trek mountain bike has super stiff frame and the back end also features good stiffness, you feel the difference when you ride the bike. Its slacker geometry is far better than other all-mountain bikes that usually come with steep and short back end.

The geometry is spot on for all types of riding and suits better for both, slow riding as well as fast speed trails. Though the frame looks stout, the red alpha red aluminium frame tubes make the bike light weight. This frame is thoroughly hydro-formed and shaped for a specific ride with good strength and stiffness.

This lightweight All mountain bike frame features an E2 tapered system with rigid E2 steerer which makes the front end stiffer, lighter by weight and stronger, without compromising on frame and fork compatibility, stem choice and other component selection. E2 system is a combination of lightweight 1-1/8″ upper steerer and 1.5″ lower steerer for stiffness.

Light and Nimble on Climb

Surprisingly this mountain bike climbs better and descends with great confidence. Those who are used to bigger bikes should not consider this as a Freeride bike although it performs similarly. You can test the ability of this Trek mountain bike on numerous terrains especially on tight switchback. The specially designed rear suspension along with Bontrager tyres nicely tracks the ground while going over any rocks and roots.

While climbing on non-technical terrain, Fox Float RP2 rear shock adjusts well for optimum climbing without noticeable bobs and goes well with the geometry of the frame. You can really dial in the suspension shock and adjust them on the fly. This All mountain bike can climb with full active suspension or locked out and still feel light and nimble on the climb.

ABP Braking for Confident Descent

Bike lovers normally choose All mountain bikes because they want their bike to have both climbing and descending capabilities. Climbing to the top and fully extending both the suspensions would give shear pleasure of All mountain biking. You start off and the bike will smoothly fly over the hill. Full floater rear suspension design with ABP (Active Braking Pivot) gives lot more confidence on the descents.

Many full suspension bikes firm up under braking and will not track the big bump consistently. This is a drawback, but Trek has overcome this problem with the unique design of ABP which enables the rear suspension to work fully under braking and pedalling. It absorbs all the bumps throughout the tough ride. This mountain bike soaks up everything they come across with balance and real poise. ABP braking gives total control over tight turns and confidently push the bike until the last descent.

‘All Mountain’ Component Setup

Trek has made this bike with All Mountain type component setup to withstand the tougher ride. Avid Elixir hydraulic disc brake with large rotors and the grippy Bontrager tyres allow you to gain control in any terrain and gives good stopping power especially in a tight turn situation. There are lots of Shimano parts in the 10 speed drive-train group, which seem more durable and dirt resistant than SRAM.

This Trek mountain bike features a decent kit as stock and the low riser handle bar has sufficient grip. Medium cage rear derailleur with double chain-ring would make more sense on this AM bike. You can flick the bike around in the corners with the combination of 31.8mm stem and the shorter back end.

Poised Suspension

The rear suspension is super smooth and plusher than any other 6 inch AM bike. The Fox RP2 has lot of adjustments; pro-pedal lever and rebound adjustments are a real bonus. Trek has worked with Fox and developed Dual Rate Control Valve (DRCV) concept in RP2 rear shock. It handles both small bumps and big hits in controlled manner. With DRCV the shock compresses fully and stays lively. The shock will be active during multiple bumps following big hits without compromising the rider’s control. You can confidently go faster and stay control on rough terrain.

The rear suspension of this All mountain bike is built with Evo magnesium rocker link plates which act as a strong connection between the rear triangle and suspension shock. The front end comes with 120-150mm adjustable travel Fox 32 Talas fork with air spring. Some riders still feel that the rear suspension contracts a little with the adjustable front fork when they try on rough terrain. Fox 32 Talas fork has been excellent with its adjustability and can go from full lockout to plush 150mm at the twist of a dial. The 2 step 120-150mm travel adjust comes handy when compared to other Fox Float featured in Remedy 9 series. It is a very durable bike with excellent cornering ability.

Our analysis

Even DH racers love to make this mountain bike AM type trails, and use it for everything like technical terrain, jumping, tight single-tracks, switchbacks, climbing and downhill. Remedy 8 suits those who want to be tough on their bike and want to ride technical stuff. If you are bulky and below the average fitness, riding more cross country bikes and picking easy line of single-track then don’t ever think about Remedy 8.

There’s an exciting sport that’s sweeping the nation — kayaking! So if you want to get in on the fun and learn how to kayak, that’s certainly understandable. But it’s not necessarily the easiest thing to do. Before you even think about how to kayak, however, you’ll want to learn what gear you’ll need in order to go kayaking and where you can get it.

There are three kinds of kayaks — rigid kayaks, folding kayaks, and inflatable kayaks. If you’re just now learning how to kayak, an inflatable kayak may be just up your alley. Even veterans like inflatable kayaks, because they’re easy to transport, store, and best of all — paddle around in! Plenty of online and offline dealers sell kayaks and other equipment that you’ll want to invest in. Folding kayaks and rigid kayaks are the most expensive because they’re made of hard-shell materials like wood, plastic, and fiberglass.

Sometimes a kayak is made of a combination of these things, and in this case, they are especially lightweight and durable — but also pricey! Inflatable kayaks are not only popular, but they also happen to be the cheapest. Depending on your personal needs for a kayak, buying an inflatable kayak is recommendable. You can also save money by investing in a used kayak, rather than a brand-new one.

You can even rent a kayak to give it a test run and see if kayaking is the sport for you. As well, there are plenty of private and group tours where you can either outfit yourself or get outfitted and have an expert take you around.

Before you pick out a kayak and then learn how to kayak, you’ll want to figure out what kind of kayaking you’re interested in however. That will determine what kind of kayak you invest in! For example, if you want to be able to fish, you need a fishing kayak. Click here to see some of the top rated fishing kayaks.

So now you’re ready to find out how to kayak! Well, if you’re just now discovering this world, you’re probably wondering what a kayak even is! Is it a canoe? is it different? Fact is, a kayak is like a smaller version of a canoe — it’s simply more versatile and better designed for outdoor enthusiasts and athletes. It’s not nearly as heavy as a canoe, so it’s easier to use.

Basically, learning how to kayak isn’t tremendously difficult. It’s mastering the sport that can be tricky. The degree of challenge will depend on what precisely you’re using your kayak for. After all, you can go kayaking on any body of water and engage in all sorts of activities. Plan to paddle through some thrilling rapids or just catch some fish? You might want to do the latter before you try anything else!

If you want to learn how to kayak, it might be best to enroll in a class and get hands-on experience with a trained kayaker looking over your shoulder. In fact, the only way to really figure out how to kayak is to just do it. Remember, as well, that you’ll want to be well-versed in all the ways to keep you and your kayak safe and someone with kayaking experience can be very helpful for this!

Basics of Kayaking


The basics of how to kayak are not too surprising. Essentially, an individual fits snugly into the lightweight boat, outfitted in gear to keep him or her safe on the waters, and armed with one single paddle, and rows through the water. A kayaker must know to roll with the currents and maintain speed. You also need to purchase special kayaking shoes.

So you’ve got all your equipment and you’re ready to hit the water — so you’re anxious to learn all the secrets of how to kayak. Unfortunately, that’s not something you can read about necessarily. You need to actually kayak to learn how to kayak, not read about kayaking!

Whatever city you live in, however, there are probably kayaking courses you can take. And don’t worry — you don’t have to go alone! Take your family and friends. It’ll be an enjoyable and edifying experience that you will never forget. Even if you find that kayaking isn’t your forte, at least you put a little effort into developing such a unique, cool skill. And remember — even if you’re not looking to be extremely active in the outdoors, you can take a kayak out onto the sea or a mountain lake or whatever body of water, just to get in touch with nature. You will not regret learning how to kayak.

There are instruction courses for kayaking and the one you sign up for will depend not only on your budget and location, but also the kind of kayaking you’re most intrigued by. Some lessons will focus on kayaking rapids, others will focus on surfing mild waves. So keep your mind open and your horizons will undoubtedly be limitless!

Taking a break is a luxury that many seldom avail in this era. Be it the financial gurus, the regular factory assistant or even a caring doctor – time available is too less to be compromised on little things that spruce up and justify the experience of living the good life.
Music is the language which breaks all barriers when it comes to unifying people and providing them with a sense of leisure and comfort, it is only apt that the devices used to deliver these very multitude of frequencies in their most native form without any external disturbance whatsoever.

Noise Cancelling Headsets This is precisely the role played by noise cancelling headsets. Right from the heydays when boom box was a rave, to the present iPod generation, a lot has change – and evidently, headphones are playing a more central role in the scheme of things. An array of advantages ranging from privacy to an unobtrusive execution without disturbing the ones around have worked in favor of the penetration of this quintessential product.

While the market has evolved since its inception, one thing that a consumer must keep in mind is that it is the quality that matters not the quantity.. Rushing ahead with the purchase of cheap headphones merely to save some extra pennies will not only impair the regular functioning of your auditory system, there have been reports of mild shocks from headphones comprising the lowest rung in terms of price.

For a leisurely and authentic experience, and giving due credit to the high and low notes of everyday music alike, it is all the more imperative that one goes ahead and invests some money in quality products. Cost should never be a factor when you as a consumer is making such purchases. It is the throughput and the value for money that the product gives that counts!

Noise Cancelling Headsets

The top djing headphones identify the very notion that eludes many, while the earth has many pleasant sounds to offer – from birds chirping to hearing a nearby brook flow, it is contextual beauty and seldom universal. While the said sounds might play a soothing role for those who have the time for it, a high school student studying for his or her tests will only find this a disturbance. This said, the importance of noise cancelling headsets is a given. Ambient noise is ever-present in the planet, and eliminating it is an important part of it. It has been noted via the means of conventional research and the like that noise levels have increased to deafening levels. This is all the more the case in big cities and people are increasing working out ways to drift away from the hustle of such a living. Immersing yourself in some quality music in your noise cancelling headsets does certainly count as leisure!

All said, it is not all about leisure. Even at work, there are professions that require immaculate attention and enhanced levels of focus. Individuals working at call centers, and other activities that require the use of distance communication will certainly find solace in the use of noise cancelling headsets. Distractions will certainly reduce and one’s productivity will skyrocket, leading to quicker promotions and higher pay packets!

Noise Cancelling Headsets

Yes, noise cancelling headsets have become a crucial product, and we would like to throw some clarity into the minds of our readers as to which product they must pick for the best listening experience bereft of any external disturbances and audio related noise. We will be reviewing noise cancelling ear muffs for sleeping just to reach this goal of making your purchase experience a not so harrowing one! To name the products we are reviewing, they are – Bose QuietComfort 15 Acoustic Noise Cancelling Headsets, Beats Studio Over-Ear Headphones, Parrot Zik – Wireless headphones with touch control and noise cancellation amd V-MODA Crossfade M-100 Over-Ear Noise Isolating Metal Headphone.

If you are on the lookout for the best noise Isolating headphone, you have reached the right site. And if you don’t intend to get one, the above justification would hopefully have drawn you into getting one, so stay tuned for the reviews that follow and enjoy music the way it is meant to be!

Top Noise-Cancelling Headsets

Noise Cancelling Headsets

Bose QuietComfort 20i

The QuietComfort 20i Acoustic Noise Cancelling Headsets from Bose are the perfect headphones for the person who is on the go. Boise are known for their noise isolating headphones, but these are the very first in ear one that have been released by them. It is just you and your music with these headphones thanks to the noise cancelling technology. Inside the pack you will find your Bose QuietComfort 20i Acoustic Noise Cancelling Headset, three different sizes of stay hear tips, A clothing clip, a rechargeable battery with an accompanying usb charger and a carrying case.

Bose QuietComfort 15


These Limited Edition Bose QuietComfort 15 Acoustic Noise Isolating Headphones are the ultimate set of headphones for people who really care about listening to music in the highest possible quality. The around ear headphones have Bose’s amazing sound cancelling technology that keeps out all the unwanted outside noise. Comfortable material makes the Bose QuietComfort 15 Acoustic Noise Cancelling Headsets perfect for long periods of wear and the accompanying remote cable makes sure you will never miss a call. And they can also be used as DJ Headphones.

Beats Studio Over-Ear

The Beats Studio Over Ear Headphones are one of the hottest items  in the world of headphones right now. The Beats Acoustic Engine offers amazing noise cancelling ability. These headphones allow you to hear music like you have never heard it before. To keep your amazing high quality new headphones safe they come to you in a stylish hard case.


The Sony MDR 1RNC Premium Noise Isolating Headphones have premium in their name for a reason. These are just ridiculously high quality. Sony are boasting that these headphones have the best noise cancelling technology on the market. This is complimented by amazing audio and being comfortable enough to wear for hours and hours at a time.

Shure SE535-V

The Shure SE535 V Triple High Definition MicroDriver Earphone with Detachable Cable are the only headphones that serious audiophiles are willing to talk about and that is because of the amazing high quality sound they are able to produce. They come in a very nice case that contains various adapters including an airline adapter, volume control, nozzle cleaner and much more. These really are the ultimate set of headphones for people who are serious about sound.

Sennheiser HD 650


The Sennheiser HD 650 Headphones are a very special pair of headphones that have been designed for one reason. And that reason is to make sure you are getting the best possible listening experience that is technically possible. These are a fantastic high quality set of premium headphones that will make your music sound better than it ever has done before.

Bose Noise Cancelling Headsets 

Noise Cancelling Headsets

There has been quite a few sales knocking around on different noise cancelling headphones online, and the Bose Noise Cancelling Headphones Sale has not been an exemption. If you are a Bose headphone fan, then this is the time to grab a good pair at reasonable prices.

About Bose Noise Cancelling Headphones Sale

Bose started applying their noise cancellation technology to headphones in 1986, the main purpose of this was to prevent the loss of hearing in pilots who were taking part in the first flight around the world expedition but they didn’t get released for public use until 1989. Bose noise cancelling headphones come under the QC (QuietComfort) headphones umbrella and the ones currently on sale are the QC2, QC3 and the QC15.

Generally, Bose headphones are known to produce very good sound quality and can be used with various audio equipment such as on the plane, CD, MP3, DVD player, home stereo, laptop or tablet PC. The noise reduction feature in the Bose headphones takes music to a whole new level as you will begin to discover nuances in your music that wasn’t noticed when other types of headphones were used in the past.

The bose quietcomfort 2 is powered by a single AAA battery, due to the noise canceling feature a lot of people like to use them for traveling, especially on flights to reduce or cancel the engine noise heard on the plane and some use them in the office in order to reduce the ambient noise around them. The earcups are covered in leather and are very comfortable especially during long flights, the earcups can be folded flat which is very useful when you need to store it away in your luggage. Although the noise reduction is great, you would at times still be able to hear some surrounding noise, but mainly disappears once your music starts to play.

The Bose QC3 model of headphones are very similar in design and function to the QC2, they have the same amount of total noise cancellation performance and they are also the top dj headphones . They are very comfortable to wear due to the earcups memory foam and covered with leather which is designed to sit over the ears, this ensures that the acoustics are sealed within the ear without any discomfort. This model is powered by rechargeable lithium-ion batteries, you don’t have to carry around any AAA batteries, this also makes the headphone lighter and can last up to 25hrs per charge. They are also about 20% lighter than QC2 and the sound quality is quite good, it is rich and crisp.

The Bose QuietComfort 15 headphones are similar to the QC2 but the sound quality is far superior, and the earcups sit around the ears and are very comfortable. They have active and passive noise reduction functions, and each earcup has 2 microphones and cushions that blocks noise which means that the noise is reduced significantly and the quality of sound enhanced so that you enjoy your music more. This headphone also comes with a cable that has a remote control for iPhones and iPods, and a mic for hands free calling, this means you won’t miss a call whilst listening to your music.


The Bose Noise Cancelling headphones sale will give you that opportunity to choose any of the Bose most sort after types of headphones at a reasonable discount. If you travel long distances, you will want to close out the engine and surrounding noise around you, the Bose noise reduction technology in these headphones will allow exactly that, meaning you can just lose yourself in your music.

There are many reasons why it’s important to invest in the best adjustable bed you can find. These reasons can be split into two groups: sleep quality and bed quality.

The fact of the matter is that people spend a large amount of time in bed. Between sleep, watching television, reading, resting and recovering when we’re sick– Our beds are a significant source of comfort in our lives.

Today frames are available in a number of styles and materials. Choosing the right one for your needs and budget is an important decision and more than just a matter of picking the right size. Different types of queen size frames provide different types of support for your mattress. Typically metal frames provide little support on the sides of the mattress or box springs so they require a center bar to add support there.

Platform bed frames cover the entire bottom of the mattress evenly, and can, therefore, make a box springs unnecessary. A stylish addition to any bedroom decor, these frames are available in many colors and designs. Often some assembly is required. They are typically a little more costly than metal frames but still a less expensive alternative to wooden queen bed frames.

Wooden bed frames have been increasingly popular, and the market is keeping up with the demand. Whether you want pine, oak, cherry, etc. you can find just about anything from online retailers today. A big advantage this type of frame has over platforms is that wooden frames allow for storage underneath the bed. Many wooden types can offer you a foot or more of ground clearance. Durability and longevity is another advantage for wood, and one of the primary reasons for its enduring popularity.

Alternatively, you can choose to buy the best recliner for sleeping if you have the budget and crave for unparalleled comfort.

Sleep Quality

Power Adjustable BedsUltimately, it’s all about sleep! Nobody buys a bed just to look at it. You buy a bed because you want a peaceful and comfortable night’s sleep. And how you sleep at night has a big influence on you, physically and emotionally.

Emotional Benefits of Sleep

A late night, or a night of broken sleep can have a negative affect on the rest of your day. You might feel irritable, short-tempered or lacking in motivation and enthusiasm.

Unfortunately these traits don’t just stay inside you. They may affect the quality of your work, relationships with friends, family and colleagues and your own personal safety. We’ve all seen the ‘Don’t Drive Tired’ signs on the motorway.

On the plus side, a good quality night’s sleep is refreshing and energising. And the benefits of this emerge throughout the day.

You’re more alert and productive, you feel less stressed and your temperament is much improved. It feels good to be positive and upbeat, and this energy works it’s way into other areas of our lives.

Power Adjustable Beds

Physical Benefits of Sleep

The best adjustable bed for you should provide relief from a variety of complaints.

Bed Quality

A good bunk bed with stairs can make all the difference to your quality of sleep. At some point you’ve probably slept on a bed that’s been uncomfortable, which made it all the more difficult to get to sleep.

Maybe the mattress sagged in the middle, or was so old the springs were poking in you. Or it was too soft and you felt your back was too arched.

That’s why it’s important to invest in a good quality bed (and preferably a memory foam mattress).

The best adjustable bed…

…differs from it’s cheaper counterparts in these areas:

  • Build quality of the surround;
  • Quality of the motor;
  • Quality of the adjustable frame;
  • Whether the user’s height and weight have been taken into consideration;
  • The correct height for the user;
  • How long it will last for (i.e. length of guarantee).

When you feel the needs for proper ventilation it’s essential that the vents are installed just right or else it could add to your woes. The trick lies in using the best ventilation techniques in order to get the best results. This may be slightly difficult if you’re living in an old construction building apartment because you’ll have t comply with ducts and passages available and can’t create your own airway or ducts.

In comparison, newer construction buildings offer better ducts and passageways between apartments that make installation of ventilation systems a lot easier. Not only is installation easy, they even function in optimum capacity because the air space available is adequate as compared to old constructions.

When installing a ventilation system, leave the job to the professionals. They’ll come and survey the area and determine which ventilation system will work best for you. Furthermore, if there are adjustments o be made, they’ll even take care of that based on their findings.

Do You Need an Air Purifier at Home?

Everyone knows that the air we breathe today isn’t as clean as it used to be or should be. Metropolitan areas like Indianapolis share a common problem and that is dirty air. Whether it’s smog, dust, or pollen there are a lot of contaminants in the air that can make life a little less pleasant and can even be a serious health risk. With all the concerns about air quality, a good rule would be to fight air pollution by starting at home. More specifically, start by cleaning your HVAC system’s ductwork.

Dirty air ducts aren’t likely to be listed as a major EPA concern anytime soon, but there are plenty of reasons to clean and inspect your system. A certain amount of dust and dirt buildup inside ducts is normal and expected so don’t panic if you see dust when you peek through your vents. But if you see evidence of rodents, mold, or mildew it might be time to give your system a quick look to decide if you might have bigger problems. You might need to invest in the best filterless air purifier.

A major portion of duct cleaning doesn’t even involve ductwork and can be done by the homeowner, and that is checking filters. An airtight duct system is only as good as the filters that protect it. Many homeowners never think to check these filters, or don’t inspect them as much as necessary. Most systems will have the main filter installed somewhere around the system’s return air vent. This is designed to be a customer accessible feature, and it’s meant to be checked regularly. Most likely your return air is either in the lowest level of the home, or in the attic or upstairs area. Once you locate your filter it’s important to remove it gently. You not only want to keep from releasing trapped dust and contaminants back into the home, but also once you have the filter outside or in a closed place you’ll want to see exactly what’s trapped in it. If you have mostly gray or darkish gray dust and dirt then you’re seeing just what is expected. A warning sign of a problem could be the presence of greenish particles or patches, as this is likely a sign of mold or mildew. Your filter should also be completely dry. A wet or damp filter is a sign of potentially greater problems, possibly with your HVAC unit. If you find moisture in your filter you should contact an HVAC professional and discuss your next step.

Once you’re inspected your filter you need to decide if it should be cleaned or replaced. If you can easily see light through the filter then it is likely still in good working order and can probably remain in the system, otherwise the filter needs to be replaced. Some companies say that it is ok to clean filters with water, but professionals generally advise to replace the filter. Water will remove surface contaminants, and make the filter look clean, but most of the trapped particles remain in the filter media. Even worse, water can loosen these particles causing them to be released back into the home. The best move is to replace the filter with a high-quality HEPA filter, which is readily available at discount or home supply stores.

Beyond filter cleaning make sure there are no gaps or leaks around the edges of the filter, check to see that the filter properly fits the enclosure. Any gap will compromise the effectiveness of the system. Users should also clean and dust vents and registers, and looking into duct areas to make sure only the expected, normal amount of buildup are present. If your inspection reveals any mold, mildew, or vermin it’s probably time to get professional help. Contact a mold removal expert. Putting it off risks your family’s health.

Proper Crawl Space Ventilation

Upon realizing how much damage and harm dirt, dust and molds can bring the most common reaction is to seal the crawl space. But this is actually a bad idea. Crawl space ventilation should be ensured instead.

Why Crawl Space Ventilation Is Optimal
The main concern here is to ensure a good and healthy indoor air quality. Sure there will be some costs. But it will be minimal compared to possible costs and the possible pain of having diseases because of unhealthy air inside the house.

The number of cases of asthma is rising due to unhealthy indoor air quality. And most of this is brought about by sealed crawl spaces. So what’s wrong with sealing the crawl space? Well, there’s really no way of fully sealing the crawl space. When sealing the crawl space, there would be very small spaces left for moisture to live in and for molds to form.

On the other hand, having crawl space ventilation could take care of the moisture. One thing is needed though. That is the right crawl space ventilation equipment. The right crawl space ventilation equipment would be something that would remove moist air and stagnant air in the crawl space. It would also be capable of extracting moisture out from wood in the crawl space.

Replacement of stagnant air means crawl space ventilation will bring fresh air. The household will be exposed only to healthy air. The result would be a healthier household.

The common solution on removing moisture from wood could be dehumidifying. While this may work, crawl space ventilation will be lost. Unless people would begin to place their dehumidifiers outside, there would not be enough crawl space ventilation. Then, of course, such a method will cost much money from electric bills.

The Crawl Space Ventilation Solution

For crawl space ventilation, it’s acceptable to keep the crawl space open. Outdoor air is let in when its vapor content can lower crawl space humidity. But, during unfavorable conditions they must be closed too. A good crawl space ventilation equipment should be provided also to move low humidity air a lot to really extract the moisture from the wood.

Again, the crawl space ventilation equipment should be able to do the things enumerated above. It could take an amount of investment. But it’s better to invest on the equipment now than feel sorry later on. If they act too late, they will have poor indoor air quality and the household could develop respiratory infections and diseases. Even if they don’t but their house rots, injuries could still result. And even if it does not, the cost of repairing the house would still be bigger than the cost of the crawl space ventilation equipment.

Hampton bay ceiling fans are a product of the Hampton Bay. This company is known to be one of the biggest companies that offer retail prices, of America by the name Home Depot. The company has beautiful and modern ceiling fans. The fans from the Hampton Bay are manufactured in China. The Hampton Bay ceiling fans make your house or room look stunning, since it contains different colors and styles. The colors vary from the bright ceiling fans to the dark, and one can choose his or her best. The ceiling fans are creatively designed to lace with the ceiling of your room. The pretty ones supplement with attached fancy lamps and blades among others.

The Reviews

Hampton Bay Ceiling Fans

Many individuals select Hampton bay ceiling fans these days. Energy upkeep — this is the search phrase which will come directly into carry out anytime these kinds of fans are believed. Existing utilization is really developing throughout the world essentially, electrical companies are usually improving the electrical energy expenses. In cases like this, it is acknowledged the key reason why folks are trying to find attainable ceiling fans via Hampton bay. In this post, many of us may think about a some of the advantages which may be acknowledged via selecting Hampton bay fans. The main advantages will be the completely new systems suggestions that have been launched upon utilizing their stables.

A lot of the site visitors might have presently discovered the particular Quick Connect plan that was released to the industry via Hampton bay ceiling fans. Establishing the actual fan is not a job at this time because it is possible in minutes related to un-boxing the item. Usually you’ll take the time to setup the actual fan. Nonetheless, setting up Hampton bay fans is straightforward and could be performed by any type of newbie individual. This could be considered one of the main advantages of choosing Hampton bay ceiling fans as well as the cause folks are choosing these inside the competition.

The particular fan cutting blades furthermore must have distinctive referring to. They are created while using the Gossamer Wind systems. This is often a brand new concept as far as ceiling fans are believed. All sorts of things the entire room will likely be heavenly as well as the citizens might have the actual awesome in minutes in the fan getting practical. The particular usefulness from the fan primarily is dependant on the particular cutting blades as well as the ballbearings that are enveloped within the motor setup. The particular blade needs to be coded in wherein it’s going to item using the environment very easily along with effectively. The particular Gossamer Wind systems ensures this specific.

The particular delivery related to handy remote control on ceiling fans can be a brand new concept, therefore it may end up being situated being presently utilized on Hampton bay fans. The particular handy remote control offers a number of abilities for instance altering on / off the particular fan along with governing the speed in the fan. In a few in the advanced variations, heat might be organized as well as the fan might run properly. The speed will probably be immediately raised as well as decreased based on the region warmth. Nearly all Hampton bay fans consist of Five cutting blades which will make certain a lot more environment energy are created within the space.

Based on the days of the year these kinds of ceiling fans enables you to amazing the region as well as heat this particular. This is done via turning the particular fan cutting blades inside clockwise in addition to anti-clockwise directions. We have we’ve got the technology remains within the years as a child for a number of fans businesses, nevertheless Hampton bay ceiling fans previously mastered in addition to utilized this particular. Moderate deals may also be provided with the majority of the variations you should use so they can improve the particular fan combined with the room together with distinctive lights. The expense are usually flexible then one may find the nearly all attainable style according to their own needs.


Installing Hampton Bay Ceiling Fans

Hampton Bay Ceiling FansOne method to revise the feel of an area could be using the add-on or even replacing the ceiling fan. It is really an good way to provide your living space much better lights as well as an extra supply of air conditioning. Regardless of whether it comes with an current fan or even mild or even completely new function, the Hampton Bay design could be set up through the typical home owner.

Deciding on the best design is essential. Hampton Bay ceiling fans are available in a multitude of styles and sizes. They’re reasonable and very long lasting as well as long-lasting. Having a visit to the neighborhood home enhancement shop, you’re sure to discover the one which may suit your spending budget and also the décor of the space.

The simplest task to accomplish is a high has already been one out of location. Prior to taking out the current 1, make sure that the actual electrical power is actually switched off. Take away the current rotor blades very first. After that take away the real estate as well as unscrew the actual engine in the attach. Go ahead and take cabling away, and you ought to have the ability to draw that old fan from the ceiling. When the device you’re changing is really a relatively recent 1, you ought to be able to utilize the present brackets as well as rapidly get the brand new one track of family member relieve.

With regard to setting up the fan someplace that’s brand-new, there’s a great deal much more function included. If you can to obtain over the ceiling, the actual task is going to be simpler. This can permit you to reduce openings, attach the support, as well as operate cabling effortlessly. If that’s incorrect or else you tend to be unpleasant along with cabling, employ a expert electrical installer.


Hampton Bay Ceiling Fans Prices

Whenever you get your Hampton Bay ceiling fan at the nearby Home Depot shop, you can rest assured of the large choice from very cheap costs. Just about all Hampton Bay ceiling fans have a life time guarantee. It is then quick as well as easy to come back for any complete substitute ought to something fail. It is simple to discover substitute components for the Hampton Bay ceiling fan as well. Home Depot may recognition just about all ensures through Hampton Bay, which means you ought to discover whatever you require along with little if any trouble.

Including the ceiling fan to 1 or even more areas of the home is a great and delightful method for saving cash on your time expenses. You should use your own fan all year round not only to awesome your own home, however assist deliver warmth inside your home within the chilly, winter season. You are able to reduce your power expenses through a lot more than ¼ whenever you use a Hampton Bay ceiling fan inside your home.Hampton Bay Ceiling Fans


Pros and Cons of the Hampton Bay Ceiling Fans

Pros: When one wants to have his or her interior housing beautiful, then the Hampton Bay ceiling fans are the best. They illuminate your outdoor as well as indoor lighting. In most homes or houses ceiling fans are used in maintaining a good temperature, and is favorable to every one. Creation of the ceiling fans is easy, and the owner can install it. Screws are needed to set up the fan, thus save one time and money, of employing a professional. Due to science and technology, the Hampton Bay ceiling fans can be remote controlled. This makes it easier for one to manage the fan from anywhere, within the room. The ceiling fans are known to save energy, especially if there is a crisis of energy. The conservation of energy by the ceiling fans helps in reducing the monthly electricity bills of the user. If one gets his or her ceiling fan from the Home Depot, then damage of your fan will be easily sought out by them. This is because the Hampton Bay ceiling fan has a life span warranty.

Cons: Before one installs a Hampton Bay ceiling fan, he or she should turn off the main switch. Lights on can cause electrocution, and to an extent death. One should consequently read the manual, which contains the installation of a ceiling fan.

Wrapping the Facts For one to enjoy the services offered by Hampton Bay ceiling fan, he or she should properly maintain it. One can end up losing parts of the fan, and cause the owner to buy incurring costs on him or her. This can only occur to those far from the Home Depot of the ceiling fans. However, damage of the ceiling fan will make your fan look old and not beautiful. When choosing a ceiling fan for your house, it is important to have a general idea of what you want. The Hampton Bay ceiling fans are available online or at local merchandise stores. Their prices are affordable, making it easy for every lover of the fans have at least one. The good thing about the ceiling fans, is that it can be used anywhere whether an office or in homes. The quality of the Hampton Bay ceiling fans is of high standard, ad therefore last long.

Also read more about bathroom exhaust fans on https://qualityhomeaircare.com/best-bathroom-exhaust-fans/

Bicycle shorts evolved to solve problems that cyclists encountered as bicycles developed and allowed for longer rides and more time in the saddle. The bicycle started as a two wheeled scooter you could straddle. After pedals were attached and a transmission was developed, the greater mechanical advantages increased the useable range. Acceptance for exercise, commuting and travel resulted in quick development of the bicycle. As people rode their bikes further they discovered that their crotches needed better protection from their saddles.

Harken back to the early 1900’s and you will surmise that there were few flexible fabrics. Early shorts were made of durable wool fabrics and designs were modified from pants and knickers. With little flexibility or stretch, these early shorts required design characteristics to eliminate bunching for a more streamlined and sculpted fit. Multiple paneled shorts allowed the shorts manufacturers to better match the human form for less chafing and a more aerodynamic fit.

Best Mountain Bike Shorts Technology


Multiple seams crisscrossing the center of the crotch came from copying existing pant designs, but created a problem for riders. To solve this, a chamois insert was developed to cover the seams and provide a smooth surface on which to sit. The material chosen was sheepskin leather, probably because it was well known as durable, softer than cow or horse leather, and already in use to reinforce clothing where extra protection and flexibility were needed. Regardless of its origin, leather chamois inserts became the norm in black wool shorts.

Over the last 20 plus years, fabric technology has allowed for many improvements in design, durability and easy of use. Today’s highly flexible and durable fabrics are easy to care for and provide many improvements. The standard today is a spandex-dominated fabric with a breathable, padded chamois insert. At this point “chamois” has become a generic term to define the smooth surfaced insert that covers the seams, just like the original leather chamois.

Why is this background important? To put to rest preconceptions that most of us have about today’s modern shorts. There are hundreds of best mountain bike shorts in today’s marketplace. So what do you think about when you decide to buy a new pair of shorts? As avid cyclists of 30 years and now working for one of the few American manufacturers of cycling apparel, we feel confident in advising you that you can do whatever you want, as long as you have thought through for your needs and have a reason to do what you want.

Here are some things to think about when choose your next pair of cycling shorts:

  • If it is one item, why is it called a pair?
  • What sort of chamois do I want?
  • Do the number of panels make a difference?
  • Who am I buying this from?
  • What is the best pair of shorts?

We can’t answer the first question so we’ll move on to the rest, but to see if you are skipping ahead, we won’t discuss them in the order presented. This discussion does not include baggy shorts which are typically a street-type short over a modified cycling short. Introducing a covering designed for carrying things in your pockets or to visually cover perfectly good cycling shorts with a less aerodynamic and more baggy fabric (read: more places for wear and rubbing) doesn’t make sense to us so, like a weird friend, we are going to ignore them for now.

The most common question for a person buying shorts has to be: “What is the best short?” and if stated slightly differently: “What is the best chamois?” If you were talking to an educated retailer, then you were probably queried about your likes and dislikes or riding style or issue with current shorts. If you were talking to your friend or riding buddy, then you were wasting your time and should have been doing long division in your head.

Many people confuse “most expensive” with best. The “best” shorts are those that fit and are most comfortable to you. Different shorts models are designed with differing numbers of panels, different lines for looks, constructed of differing materials and differing chamois inserts. How they fit you is a function of your unique anatomy, saddle type and set up, riding style and type of riding you prefer. There are no two butt, seat, chamois, skin type and riding style combinations that are exactly the same. What is perfect for your friend may not work for you – our friends have little taste, education, experience or feeling in their butts. At least, their’s do not seem as sensitive as your own refined buttocks.

That said, there is a general correlation between price and quality. In general, a more expensive pair of shorts will be made better and last longer. Many people find that the $30 (or less) shorts, made in Southeast Asia, on special at their on-line favorite discounter, are “the most comfortable short” they have ever worn. These same people seem disappointed when the shorts last only a year. Other people find that if it costs over $100 it has to be comfortable and defines their future expectations. Shorts, properly washed and not prematurely worn out by an errant saddle bag, should last many seasons. The concept is: first buy what fits, without consideration for cost, then determine the “value” or cost versus the expected longevity of the shorts. A $150 pair of shorts over five years, has the same value as a $30 pair that lasts one year.

Most fabrics, including Lycra (a brand name for a spandex material), are sold by the pound (excluding highly specialized or limited editions). As the fabric gets heavier, the fabric gets more expensive. Most cycling spandex is between 6- and 8-ounce material (the weight of a square yard). An 8-ounce fabric is more expensive than a similar 6-ounce material. Is it “better?” That depends on what you like. If you want to feel like you are wearing nothing at all, you want a light, high quality material. If you like the feeling of support in your shorts, you would gravitate toward a heavier material, which at 8-ounces, will feel more “firm” on your legs. We have not found any appreciable difference in the thermal characteristics except when you are sitting at the cafÈ and no air is moving over your legs. Some older and some heavier riders prefer the firm feel of the heavier material. Often, a given manufacturer will have identically designed shorts in more than one material so that you can truly feel the difference in just the materials.

Probably more important than the materials are the basic design characteristics. Since there are so many manufacturers, we will keep our comments very general. Most shorts are designed in a “racing”/”sport” configuration or they are designed as an “entry level”/”touring” configuration. Any of these can be an 2, 4, 6 or 8 panel design. In general, a sport short will be lower rise (front and rear) and more articulated in the hip. An “articulated hip” means that the shorts are designed already bent over into a typical riding position. A touring short will typically be a higher rise (front and rear) and less articulated in the hip. These features are important depending on your personal modesty, amount of time spent in your shorts off the bike and how important it is to you to have a “racing” attitude. As to the number of panels, remember why they were created? To solve limited flexibility in older materials. With today’s spandex based materials the number of panels is not critical. Well fitting and comfortable designs come in all panel numbers and this factor is minimal compared to the overall design. We think 8-panel shorts are over rated and we wonder how a seam down the inside of each thigh actually helps the comfort when it provides another seam to cover or on which the threads can wear.

Another important variable is the chamois insert used for the short. There are almost as many chamois inserts as there are manufacturers. Again due to the overwhelming number of styles, we will keep our comments short. Chamois inserts are to provide coverage for the inside seams of the shorts and to provide a breathable pad to mellow the interface between your crotch and the saddle (padding). Let us make one thing perfectly clear, the chamois as a pad cannot make up for a saddle that isn’t set up properly or is not comfortable to your bottom. Will not, can not, does not!!! Now that we have that out of the way, here are some considerations. Is the pad micro-bacterially treated? Does the chamois insert have several seams of its own? Does the chamois insert fit the shorts?

A thicker chamois insert in a light-weight material short will not be well balanced and will tend to stick out where the material doesn’t hold it in. If the chamois is shaped (has more than one material and is seamed together, opportunities arise for chafing. If you choose a chamois insert that is shaped, the shapes (usually the arc around your leg) needs to fit your body. Small arc, big leg, bad fit! Do you live in a wet area? Does the chamois dry extra fast, or will you be growing mold in your chamois? The combinations are endless so look at the size, construction and materials and then try several – what looks good may not feel good and vice versa. Chamois inserts, probably more than the shorts themselves, require that you try several to feel the differences. You may think you need a thick chamois when in fact your saddle is comfortable and provides adequate padding and a thick chamois makes the interface less comfortable instead of better.

If you are going tour, we recommend fast drying chamois inserts so you don’t have to take as many pairs. We also recommend finding several chamois inserts you like and alternating them so you eliminate the repetitive motion injuries. Let’s face it, even if you sit in your comfy car seat for four hours, your butt gets sore. Reduce that surface area to two inches by six and it is normal to get sore, why make it worse by not varying the wear points?

Today there are several chamois insert enhancing materials available. Most of these involve a lubricant of sorts to minimize chafing. We have used some creams and some dry lubes and found them to provide the lubrication they promised. We do not know the long-term effect to your shorts. We do know that any petroleum-based lubricants will eat your petroleum-based shorts over time. This may initially appear as thinning or localized wear. We also wonder what affect these lubricants have on the breath-ability of the material.

Your shorts work best when they can breath and the chamois can fluff. To make sure this happens, wash them regularly. Get the sweat and road grime out and do not replace it with washing additives. Use a minimalist detergent with no fragrances, bleaches, softeners or any other additives. Baby detergents are very mild with no additives. Several sport washes are available that have been tested to leave no residue. We recommend these products to minimize retaining anything that might irritate your skin over time. Just sitting on that small space is hard enough without saddle sores or skin irritations.

In summary, we believe you should try several types of shorts and wear more than one type to break up the monotony. From time to time try different materials, chamois inserts and possibly lubricants. Wash regularly with a mild environmentally sensitive and non-accumulating detergent. Do not try to solve bike set up or saddle problems with a pair of shorts or chamois insert. Never try on a pair of shorts standing straight up, bend over like you are riding and see how they fit, we expect shorts to pooch out in back when you stand straight. We design them for riding, not standing there in front of a mirror or your significant other, that is what lingerie is for. Just like music, food and life, your butt sometimes just needs a change to be happy.

Bicycle Seat Posts 101


Vary from about 25.8mm to 31.8mm. The seat post diameter has to match the seat tube’s inside diameter. Older European and Japanese aluminum frames, and ancient steel frames generally use the smaller diameter seat posts. Modern oversized aluminum frames have thinner seat tubes which require fatter seat posts to fill the hole. Classical steel frames use seat posts ranging from 26.2mm to 27.4mm, with 90 percent of them 27.2mm.


From 180mm to 400mm. Road bike seat posts are shorter than mountain bike seat posts, but if you have a super long mountain bike seat post, you can still stick it into a road bike. If the extra length and few extra grams bothers you, chop it off.


All seat posts have a minimum insertion mark. Sometimes it’s a maximum height mark–two names for the same thing. In any case, you have to make sure 65mm are inserted into the seat tube.

One-bolt clamps or two bolt clamps?

Think about it. If you’re holding a long beam above your head, clasping it with one hand, you’d best have a tight grip, or it’ll fall. Hold it with two hands, and your grip can relax dramatically.

One bolt posts are generally adequate and don’t take that as a backhanded endorsement. The best ones hold fine. The worst don’t.

One bolt posts are quicker to set up, but that’s more of an advantage to a bike shop guy trying to build his daily quota, than it is to you.

Two-bolt posts have a mechanical advantage (as noted above), but cost more to make, and take longer to set up, and that’s why they’re not as common.

SPO (Seat Post Offset)

SPO is how far the clamp sits behind the center of the post, and it’s an issue because it affects your saddle position. Most riders like to “sit behind” the pedals, and that requires putting the saddle as far to the rear as the seat post allows. A post with no offset (no SPO) doesn’t allow this.
Triathletes are the exception. They generally sit forward on the saddles, a position that works for them in tandem with the funny handlebars they like.

Bicycle Shifters 101

Road Bike Shifters

Downtube shifters

The traditional, classic road shifter. Favored for its lightweight, simple set-up, and short cables, which, back in the ‘60s and ‘70s riders believed made for quicker shifts due to less cable stretch. Modern cables don’t stretch enough to notice anyway, and speedwise, downtube shifters are the
slowest simply because you have to move your hand down there to get at ‘em; but they remain the favorite style among those who still favor them for a few other reasons:

  1. They look good. They’re isolated from the brake levers and handlebars, so they don’t muck up that part of the bike. They add something, visually, to the downtube, the longest tube on the bike, and one that looks lonely with nothing on it.
  2. They’re the lightest.
  3. They’re the cheapest to buy.
  4. In these days of late-entry riders willing to spend lunatic amounts of loot for overpriced, high-tech convenience shifters, some riders like the message downtube shifters send—that they’re comfortable enough on a bike, and experienced enough, to be able to remove one hand from the bar to shift; and that they realize muscle, not frenetic clicking, is what gets you over the hill.
Bar-End Shifters (BES)

Sometimes called “fingertip shifters” or “bar-con (control) shifters.” Introduced in the early ‘50s as an alternative to the downtube shifter, but never really won favor with the hardcore racers of that or any period. In the old days, racers said things like “cables too long, too much stretch!” and BES took hold only among tourists, tandem riders, and cyclo-cross racers, all of whom realized it was a good thing not to have to take your hands from the bars when controlling a heavily loaded bike or racing over rough terrain.

Compared to downtube shifters, BES are:

  1. heavier
  2. less aerodynamic
  3. more expensive
  4. more of a hassle to set up

But the differences are minimal in all cases, and the convenience they offer—halfway between that of a downtube shifter and a modern STI/ERGO shifter—makes a lot of sense without selling out completely and giving up simple mechanical design for convenience at all costs. It’s a good balance, smart.

BES are increasingly rare these days, and are kept alive only because triathletes and time-trialists use them on the ends of their funny bars. Campy and Shimano still make them, but the best ones we’ve used are the Supermix shifters shown in our print catalogue.

Shimano STI

STI stands for “Shimano Total Integration,” and refers to Shimano’s preference for integrating (or combining, or linking) previously separate bicycle components so that 1) If you buy one, you get the other; and 2) You can’t use one without the other. The STI program is double-edged. On the one hand, it is a pro-consumer/rider program that protects you from incompetent product managers/manufacturers who might otherwise put incompatible parts on the same bike. On the other hand, it is a way to prevent smaller, less-well-capitalized manufacturers from selling their parts to high-volume manufacturers. Back in 1986, almost all bike makers spec’d Shimano shifters, but a whole lot of them also spec’d Dia-Compe brake levers, which were clearly more desirable. Consequently, Shimano was left with millions of unsellable (for good reason) brake levers, and that—not answering a consumer demand for more convenience—was the impetus behind the next year’s STI. Riders who like STI, like it because they don’t have to move their hands to shift. You can access the shifters when your hands are on the brake lever hood/body, or from the drops. So, despite its shaky origins, it fullfills a need for some cyclists.

Behind the left brake lever is a secondary lever which moves inward with a push, shifting the front derailleur.

Behind the right brake lever is a corresponding secondary lever for the rear derailleur. Push it inward (toward the front wheel), shifting the rear derailleur.

STI braker/shifter units are heavier than a solo brake lever, but often weigh no more than an uncombined brake lever and shift lever. The brake lever bodies, where you spend most of your time, are irritatingly ergonomically perfect, at the expense of aesthetics. They are bulkier, and cyclists used to slender, compact, and nicely curved bicycle parts find them ugly, cyclops-looking units.

STI shifters don’t have a friction-shifting mode, and require Shimano-compatible derailleurs and gears. For someone starting out with all fresh stuff, that’s not a problem, since virtually all currently manufactured cassettes and freewheels are Shimano-compatible (just as most computer software is MicroSoft compatible).

Campagnolo ERGO shifters

Are Campy’s answer to Shimano’s STI. Campy went into ERGO reluctantly, and only after it was clear that downtube and bar-end shifters were not the way to capture new markets. ERGO shifter/levers have thumb-tabs mounted fairly discretely on the inside of each brake lever body, and Shimano-like secondary shift levers behind the brake lever.

To shift the front derailleur to a bigger chainwheel, push the secondary lever inward, toward the front wheel (same as with STI). To shift from a large chainwheel to a smaller one, push the thumb-tab down.

ERGO’s front shifting is non-indexed, which makes it compatible with anybody’s front derailleur, a good thing. Front shifting with ERGO tends to be slightly slower than with STI, although many people still prefer it.

To shift the rear derailleur to a larger cog (easier gear), push the right-hand secondary shifter inward. To shift to a smaller (harder) cog, push down the thumb-tab.

Cosmetically, they’re an improvement over STI, because the cables don’t exit the levers sideways, and the levers look pretty normal from the front (no “cyclops” look). Functionally, they’re Shimano’s equal. Certain shifts are made faster by STI, others are faster by ERGO, but in the areas of speed and convenience, both have plenty to offer even the most shifting-obsessed rider. Most people like to defend what they own, and sell their friends on it, but anybody who badmouths the function of either STI or ERGO has become too dependent on technology for their own good, and probably couldn’t write a letter to a friend without a keyboard and email.

Kelly TakeOffs

If you like the convenience of STI and ERGO, but don’t like the expense, the limitations, or the whole idea of buying into technology that was ill-born in the first place and now just feeds on itself (not to imply that there’s anything wrong with that); then get Kelly TakeOffs. (www.Kellybike.com).

Invented by Oakland, CA resident Chris Kelly as an alternative to STI and ERGO, this is one small-company gimmick that really works. The TakeOffs are tubular steel mounts that on one end attach to the handlbars under the brake lever bodies, and at the other end, allow you to mount any old downtube shifter inboard of the brake levers, so you can shift while grasping the brake lever hoods, or down in the drops, or with your hands on the top ofthe bars. In other words, from more positions than either STI or ERGO. What’s more, since the lever position is visible and changes according to what gear you’re in, you get a visual indication of the gear, just as you do with downtube shifters or bar-end shifters. ERGO doesn’t do that. STI does it if you get the fancy version, but you have to read a dial, and if convenience is your end-all, that’s not as good as glancing at a lever and thinking “I’m just about maxed out back there.”

Another wonderful thing about TakeOffs is that most downtube shifters have a friction option, so you needn’t completely give shut off the portion of your brain that controls things like sensitivity and feedback. What’s more, in friction mode, you can use any derailleur with any chain or freewheel or cassette. Finally, the levers are so accessible that any supposed benefit of indexing virtually vanishes—the lever are right there, so easy to dial in,that it’s no inconvenience at all. It’s not the hurdle it is with downtube shifters (not a huge hurdle with them but one many riders would rather not jump, anyway).

Functionally, TakeOffs with downtube shifters work the same as downtube shifters, in that you pull the left one back to shift a front derailleur outward, to a larger (higher gear) chainring; and you pull the right one back to shift to a larger (lower gear) rear cog.

The only drawback to TakeOffs is that the tube that exits from the underside of the brake lever sort of interferes with a normal grip, the one with your fingers curling underneath the brake lever body. It’s not a huge deal—there’s still room there, but on any other brake lever, there’s nothing there, and on the TakeOffs, there’s that dang tube. You get used to it easily enough, and if the other benefits appeal to you, don’t think twice, it’s all right.

Sidepull Brake Calipers 101

Sidepull brakes are good for skinny to medium road tires, up to about an inch and a quarter wide. They connect directly to the brake lever by a cable and housing, so the frame doesn’t need any extra cable stops or hangers, as is the case with cantilever brakes. Most mechanics, whether they’re pros or novices, find sidepull brakes easier than cantilvers to set up, adjust, and maintain.

Sidepulls aren’t good for fat tires, because fat tires don’t fit under the arches.

Also, they aren’t as fender-friendly as cantilevers are, for the same reason, although if the frame designer does his or her job right, and you pick the right sidepull and don’t go too fat on the tires, you can fit fenders under them.
There are two main types of sidepulls: Single Pivot and Dual-Pivot

Single pivot sidepulls offer more fender clearance than do dual-pivot styles, and are lighter, but they aren’t as powerful. If you’re really heavy, or ride a loaded bike downhill, or have weak hands, or any combination thereof, a dual-pivot is better than a Single-pivot style.

Dual-Pivot sidepulls offer the simple set-up of any sidepull, but approach cantilevers in power. The price they pay is more weight and less fender clearance. Dual-Pivot sidepulls have virtually taken over, and the only Single-pivot styles still available are NOS (new old stock) made in the pre-Dual-pivot ’70s and’80s.

Brake Reach

Brake Reach is the distance from the centerbolt to the center of the brake pad when that brake pad is at the bottom of the slot. (Brake calipers have vertical slots that allow you to move the brake pads up or down, so they mate with your rims perfectly.)

Short reach brakes typically “reach” up to 49mm, sometimes 50mm from the brake bolt.

Standard reach brakes (usually called Long Reach these days; but in the old days they were standard, so the name sticks) reach up to 56 or 57mm. The increased reach allows the frame maker to make a longer fork and place the rear brake bridge higher on the seat stays, which gives more room for fenders or fatter tires.

How They Attach: Allen nuts or Hex Nuts?

Brakes attach to the fork crown and seat stay bridge with a threaded bolt, which is secured by either a standard hex nut (“nutted”) or an allen nut (“allen”).

Nutted brakes were the old way, and are still the easiest kind to use if you’re attaching fenders; but not by much. Some riders point out that nutted brakes are safer because you can tell by looking if the nut comes loose. Allen nuts are generally coated with a Loctite-type goop that prevents them from vibrating loose, though, so just snug them up tight when you install them, and don’t worry about it after that.

Stems 101


quill – the portion that fits into the fork’s steer tube, providing the connection between handlebar and front wheel. There are two important quill dimensions: diameter and length.

On modern decent-or-better bicycles, quill diameters vary from 22.2mm (7/8-inch) on traditional/normal bikes, to 25.4mm (1-inch) on burly mountain bikes and many tandems.

Quill lengths are measured from the bottom of the quill to the top of the quill, and vary from 125mm to 280mm. The traditional-length road stem quill is 135mm long. Stems start to look funny up around 200mm.

extension – the part of the stem that extends forward to the handlebar clamp. Some manufacturers measure extensions from different points than other manufacturers, but nominally, it’s from the center of the quill to the center of the bar clamp. The shortest extensions are 50mm; the longest are 140mm.

handlebar clamp – the part that actually grabs ahold of the handlebar.

Some clamp with one bolt, some with two, it doesn’t matter. What matters is diameter, and there are two common ones.

25.4mm (one-inch): For old cheap road bars and all mountain bikes. 26.0mm: For most modern road bars.


Aluminum, Steel
The “classic” aluminum stem is cold-forged, shiny, slender, smooth, and has an angle (measured between the quill and extension) of 72 to 73 degrees. Cold forging is a process in which a solid bar of aluminum is bent to the desired angle, then smashed into shape between forging dies. It is called cold-forging, not because the aluminum is cold when it takes place, but because in another process, called HOT forging, the aluminum is much hotter. It should be “warm forging,” but it’s not.

Cold forging does good things. Mainly, it imparts a grain to the aluminum, not unlike the grain in wood. More importantly, in cold forging, the grain follows the contours of the aluminum, exactly as it does in a crooked tree branch. That contoured grain adds incredible strength to the piece.

Cheaper stems are cast; a process in which molten aluminum is poured into a mold. There are two common casting techniques.

The “good” way is Gravity Casting: After the aluminum is poured into the mold, the pre-stem is allowed to cool naturally (slowly), during which the bubbles in the liquid aluminum gravitate to the top and are expelled, leaving a fairly dense (though grainless) cast stem. Gravity cast stems are not as strong as cold-forged ones, but they’re still pretty good. Certainly strong enough for road use.

The worse way, Pressure Casting, starts out the same as Gravity Casting, but instead of letting the bubbles float up and out of the mold, the aluminum is subject to external pressure, intended to force the bubbles out; and then it is force-cooled. Pressure cast stems are strong enough for most uses also, but are more brittle than either Gravity Cast or cold-forged ones.

Aluminum can also be tig-welded. Usua

Steel Stems
Are usually TIG-welded


Bike Saddles

Saddles come in more variety than any other bicycle component. Plastic, leather, wide, skinny, holes for preventing impotency, no holes for preventing impotency, embroidered racy/midlife crisis saddles, tilting saddles, hammock saddles, and no doubt new and revolutionary designs are being developed right now.

A saddle should be:

  1. Wide enough to support your sit bones (ischial tuberosites, pronounced “ishi-ul tuber ossitees”). They’re called sit bones because you’re supposed to sit on them. If it is too narrow, your sit bones will straddle the saddle, and the saddle will push up into you. If you’re a woman, it’ll crush your folds. If you’re a guy, it’ll smash your penile artery, and make your penis go numb. It is our opinion that 170mm is wide enough for all men and 70 percent of women, although “women’s specific” saddles are usually about 220mmm wide.
  2. Skinny enough in the mid portion so your thighs don’t rub it and get all chafed. How skinny is skinny enough depends on how you pedal, how fat your thighs are, and your pedaling position. The more upright you are, the wider the saddle can be.

Men’s saddles are longer, front to rear, than are women’s saddles. The added length supports the external plumbing.

Women’s saddles are usually wider in the rear, because women’s sit bones are wider (designed for giving birth). Women’s saddles usually are shorter front to rear, because they have no external plumbing to support.


Leather is the traditional saddle material. It looks the best. It smells the best. It usually weighs the most, requires 100 miles of riding to break it in, and a certain amount of maintenance.

If the prospect of breaking it in and maintaining it scares you, get a plastic saddle. If you go through several plastic saddle saddles and still aren’t comfortable, get a Brooks B.17.

Plastic-base saddles are far easier and faster to make, and if they’re shaped right and padded properly, they work well for most people. They require no break-in or maintenance, and that always appeals to a certain number of riders. They’re the most popular kind, because they can be mass produced cheaply, leaving plenty of money remaining to promote and sell them.